1. Arjun Appadurai, "Patriotism and its Futures," Public Culture 5.3 (1993): 411.

2. Charles Levin, "Canada as an Unidentified Historical Object of International Significance," in Levin, Jean Baudrillard: A Study in Cultural Metaphysics (London: Prentice-Hall, 1996): 211.

3. Mette Hjort, "Danish Cinema and the Politics of Recognition" in David Bordwell and Noel Carroll, eds. Post-Theory: Reconstructing Film Studies (Madison, Wisconsin: University of Wisconsin Press, 1996): 521.

4. See Bruce Elder, "The Cinema We Need," in Douglas Fetherling, ed. Documents in Canadian Film (Peterborough: Broadview, 1988): 260-271.

5. Peter Morris, "In Our Own Eyes: the Canonizing of Canadian Film," Canadian Journal of Film Studies 3.1 (1994): 27-44.

6. Richard Dyer and Ginette Vincendeau, Popular European Cinemas (London: Routledge, 1992): 1.

7. Peter Harcourt, "Imagining Images: An Examination of Atom Egoyan's Films," Film Quarterly 48.3 (1995): 6..

8. Harcourt, 8.

9. Richard Porton, "Family Romances: An Interview with Atom Egoyan," Cineaste XXIII.2 (1997): 13.

10. Richard Shweder, Thinking through Cultures: Expeditions in Cultural Psychology (Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1991): 2.

11. Marshall McLuhan and Quetin Fiore, The Medium is the Massage (New York: Bantam, 1967): 26.

12. Porton, 14.

13. Porton, 12.

14. Wally Hammond, "Cold Comfort: Lynne Stopewich on Sex with the Dead," Time Out 1429 (1998): 73.

15. Appadurai, 428.